Select Page

Happiness Isn’t Brain Surgery: Multiple Dimensions of Motivation
Presented by: Dr. Dawn-Elise Snipes
Executive Director, AllCEUs
Continuing Education (CE) credits can be earned  on the topic of motivational enhancement at:

~    Define motivation
~    Review the concepts of motivation
~    Identify the types of motivation and ways to enhance them

What is motivation
~    Motivation is doing something to get a reward
~    Assumptions about the nature of motivation:
~    Motivation is a key to change.
~    Motivation is multidimensional.
~    Motivation is dynamic and fluctuating
~    When the going gets tough, motivation gets going
~    Motivation can be modified.
~    Additional rewards can be added to make the new behavior more rewarding, even in the face of adversity
Enhancing Motivation
~    The PIES Approach
~    Proximity: Provide intervention in the natural environment
~    Immediacy: Intervene as soon as the problem or loss of motivation is noticed.
~    Expectancy: Expect the intervention to be successful and emphasize self-efficacy.
~    Simplicity: Listen, show empathy, and demonstrate understanding works best.
~    The more types of motivation involved, the stronger the motivational force
~    Signs of decreasing motivation
~    Failure to attempt change
~¬†¬† ¬†‚ÄúResistance‚ÄĚ
~¬†¬† ¬†Excuses and ‚Äúyes, buts‚ÄĚ
~    Lack of enthusiasm
~    Have client’s rate their motivation on each target behavior (not goal) each day.
~    Goal: Lose 15 pounds
~    Target behavior: Go to the gym
~    Target behavior: Drink 8 glasses of water…

Apply It
~    Goals & Target Behavior
~    Goal: Improve happiness (address depression)
~    Target Behavior: Take medication
~    Target Behavior: Walk 30 minutes
~    Target Behavior: When I feel sad, write in my journal
~    Goal: Improve Stress Management (reduce anxiety)
~    Target Behavior 1: Get adequate sleep
~    Target Behavior 2: Delegate unnecessary stressors
~    Target Behavior 3: Reduce caffeine
Types of Motivation
~    Emotional:  Makes the person happy
~    Mental: Is the logical choice
~    Physical: Improves physical health, energy or reduces pain
~    Social: Improves relationship with self or others, elicits positive feedback from self and others
~    Spiritual: Is in alignment with values
~    Financial: Increases financial independence
~    Environmental: Makes the environment more comfortable
Emotional Motivation
~    Things that make the person happy
~    Decisional Balance: Identify all the reasons
~    Increase these
~    The new behavior makes the person happy (Positive reinforcement)
~    The old behavior adds distress (Negative reinforcement)
~    Decrease these
~    The old behavior makes the person happy
~    The new behavior adds distress
~¬†¬† ¬†Especially useful with people who have more of a ‚ÄúFeeling‚ÄĚ temperament

Mental Motivation
~    Things that the person sees as logical
~    Available information to support desired behavior
~    Decisional Balance: Identify all the reasons
~    Increase these
~    The new behavior is logical and helpful to achieving goals
~    The old behavior is unhelpful to achieving goals
~    Decrease these
~    The old behavior is logical and helpful to achieving goals
~    The new behavior is unhelpful to achieving goals
~¬†¬† ¬†Especially useful with people who have a ‚ÄúThinking‚ÄĚ temperament.

Social Motivation
~    Things that increase the person’s self-esteem/self-acceptance
~    Things that increase social approval/acceptance
~    Decisional Balance: Identify all the reasons
~    Increase these
~    The new behavior increases self-acceptance/approval & other acceptance/approval
~    The old behavior is in opposition to their self-concept
~    The old behavior leads to rejection/isolation
~    Decrease these
~    The old behavior is socially rewarding
~    The new behavior does not provide self or other rewards (i.e. changing people, places, things)

Spiritual Motivation
~    Highlight ways that the new behavior is in alignment with values
~    Decisional Balance:
~    Increase these
~    Ways the new behavior is in alignment with values
~    Awareness of ways old behaviors are not in alignment with values
~    Decrease these
~    The ways the old behavior aligns with values
~    The ways the new behavior does not align with values

Financial Motivation
~    Highlight ways that the new behavior is financially beneficial
~    Decisional Balance
~    How did old behaviors reduce
~    Savings
~    Additional money
~    Redirectable funds
~    How do new behaviors increase
~    Savings
~    Additional money
~    Redirectable funds

Environmental Motivation
~    Identifying ways the new behavior will allow the person to improve their environment
~    People: Kindred spirits
~    Places: Vacation, better neighborhood, nice restaurant
~    Things: upgraded car, redecorating,
~    Decisional balance:
~    In what ways will the new behavior (Highlight)
~    Improve the environment
~    Make the environment more stressful
~    In what was does the old behavior (decrease)
~    Create a comfortable environment (What will you miss?)
~    Create an uncomfortable environment

~    Motivation is essential to behavior change
~¬†¬† ¬†Motivation involves ‚Äúchoosing‚ÄĚ the behavior that provides the greatest rewards for the effort.
~    Increasing motivation means enhancing rewards and reducing punishments/drawbacks.

Unlimited Counseling CEUs for $59
Specialty Certificate tracks starting at $89
Live Webinars $5/hour
Patreon: Help us keep the videos free for everyone to learn by becoming a patron.
Pinterest: drsnipes

Nurses, addiction and mental health counselors, social workers and marriage and family therapists can earn continuing education credits (CEs) for this and other course at:

View the New Harbinger Catalog and get your 25% discount on their products by entering coupon code: 1168SNIPES at check out

AllCEUs has been approved by NBCC as an Approved Continuing Education Provider, ACEP No. 6261. Programs that do not qualify for NBCC Credit are clearly identified. AllCEUs is solely responsible for all aspects of the programs.

AllCEUs is also approved as an education provider for NAADAC, the States of Florida and Texas Boards of Social Work and Mental Health/Professional Counseling, the California Consortium for Addiction Professionals and Professions. Our courses are accepted in most states through those approvals.