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Happiness Isn’t Brain Surgery
SNAP-T: Strengths, Needs, Attitudes, Preferences & Temperament
Dr. Dawn-Elise Snipes PhD, LPC-MHSM, LMHC, NCC
Executive Director, AllCEUs
Host, Counselor Toolbox
President, Recovery and Resilience International

CEs can be earned for this presentation at:
–¬†¬† ¬†Explore the concept of SNAP-T
–¬†¬† ¬†Review the different learning styles
–¬†¬† ¬†Identify the characteristics of each dimension of temperament
–¬†¬† ¬†Discuss the levels of Maslow‚Äôs heirarchy
–¬†¬† ¬†Identify other characteristics which may yield specialized needs.

–¬†¬† ¬†Strengths
–¬†¬† ¬†Needs (Accommodations)
–¬†¬† ¬†Attitudes
–¬†¬† ¬†Preferences (learning style, temperament)

–¬†¬† ¬†Things the client is good at‚Ķ (transferability)
–¬†¬† ¬†How the client‚Ķ
–¬†¬† ¬†Learns best
–¬†¬† ¬†Has coped in the past
–¬†¬† ¬†What gives the client hope
–¬†¬† ¬†What the client already knows about
–¬†¬† ¬†The condition
–¬†¬† ¬†Recovery methods
–¬†¬† ¬†What does and does not work for him/her
–¬†¬† ¬†Emotional
–¬†¬† ¬†Happiness
–¬†¬† ¬†Contentment/Efficacy
–¬†¬† ¬†Mental/Cognitive
–¬†¬† ¬†Learning preferences
–¬†¬† ¬†Learning needs to understand the condition and interventions
–¬†¬† ¬†Physical
–¬†¬† ¬†Assistive devices
–¬†¬† ¬†Frequent breaks
–¬†¬† ¬†Medications
–¬†¬† ¬†Social
–¬†¬† ¬†Friendships
–¬†¬† ¬†Understanding of healthy relationships
–¬†¬† ¬†Environmental
–¬†¬† ¬†Safety
–¬†¬† ¬†Temperature
–¬†¬† ¬†Comfort
–¬†¬† ¬†Time of Day
–¬†¬† ¬†Transportation
–¬†¬† ¬†Child Care
Learning Styles Review
–¬†¬† ¬†How you best take in information
–¬†¬† ¬†Auditory
–¬†¬† ¬†Kinesthetic
–¬†¬† ¬†Visual
–¬†¬† ¬†How you process information
–¬†¬† ¬†Active
–¬†¬† ¬†Reflective
–¬†¬† ¬†Conceptualization
–¬†¬† ¬†Sequential
–¬†¬† ¬†Global

–¬†¬† ¬†Self
–¬†¬† ¬†Others
–¬†¬† ¬†The Condition/Target Issue
–¬†¬† ¬†Willingness to learn and try new things
–¬†¬† ¬†Interventions/Recovery
I will not call myself an addict every day
I will not go to ‚Äúthose meetings‚ÄĚ
Everybody relapses
I have to have Suboxone to achieve recovery
Decisional Balance
–¬†¬† ¬†People‚Äôs temperament impacts their Strengths, Needs, Attitudes and Preferences
–¬†¬† ¬†Temperament is:
–¬†¬† ¬†Comprised of 4 dimensions
–¬†¬† ¬†Environment and Energy
–¬†¬† ¬†Mental Conceptualization
–¬†¬† ¬†Motivation and Meaning
–¬†¬† ¬†Time Management and Structure
–¬†¬† ¬†An overarching concept that is on a continuum.
–¬†¬† ¬†One end of the continuum is not better than the other, it is just different.
–¬†¬† ¬†Most people are somewhere in the middle, having characteristics of both ‚Äúends‚ÄĚ

–¬†¬† ¬†Improving Communication
–¬†¬† ¬†Increasing Motivation
–¬†¬† ¬†Effective Interventions
–¬†¬† ¬†Relapse Prevention Planning

–¬†¬† ¬†Are expansive and less passionate
–¬†¬† ¬†Are generally easy to get to know
–¬†¬† ¬†Like meeting new people, have many close friends
–¬†¬† ¬†Would rather figure things out while they are talking
–¬†¬† ¬†Often enjoy background noise such as TV or radio
–¬†¬† ¬†Know what is going on around them rather than inside them
–¬†¬† ¬†Often do not mind interruptions
–¬†¬† ¬†Are often considered good talkers

–¬†¬† ¬†Are intense and passionate
–¬†¬† ¬†Generally more difficult to get to know
–¬†¬† ¬†Exert effort to meet new people
–¬†¬† ¬†Have only a few close friends
–¬†¬† ¬†Figure things out before they talk
–¬†¬† ¬†Prefer peace and quiet
–¬†¬† ¬†Are more likely to know what is going on inside them than what is going on around them
–¬†¬† ¬†Dislike being interrupted
–¬†¬† ¬†Are often good listeners

–¬†¬† ¬†Are practical and realistic
–¬†¬† ¬†Prefer facts and live in the real world
–¬†¬† ¬†Content in general
–¬†¬† ¬†Would rather do than think
–¬†¬† ¬†Focus on practical, concrete problems
–¬†¬† ¬†See the details and may ignore the big picture
–¬†¬† ¬†Want specifics and tend to be very literal
–¬†¬† ¬†May think that those preferring intuition are impractical
–¬†¬† ¬†Believe ‚Äúif it isn‚Äôt broken, don‚Äôt fix it‚ÄĚ
–¬†¬† ¬†Are imaginative dreamers
–¬†¬† ¬†Prefer abstraction, inspiration, insights
–¬†¬† ¬†Live in the world of possibilities
–¬†¬† ¬†Would rather think than do
–¬†¬† ¬†Focus on complicated abstract problems
–¬†¬† ¬†See the big picture but miss the details
–¬†¬† ¬†Love word games
–¬†¬† ¬†May think that those preferring the practical lack vision
–¬†¬† ¬†Believe anything can be improved
–¬†¬† ¬†Focus on the future and possibilities

–¬†¬† ¬†Like words such as principles, justice, standards or analysis
–¬†¬† ¬†Respond most easily to people‚Äôs thoughts
–¬†¬† ¬†Want to apply objective principles
–¬†¬† ¬†Value objectivity above sentiment
–¬†¬† ¬†Can assess logical consequences
–¬†¬† ¬†Believe it is more important to be just than merciful
–¬†¬† ¬†Assess reality with a true/false lens
–¬†¬† ¬†May think that those who are sentimental take things too personally
–¬†¬† ¬†May argue both sides of an issue for mental stimulation

–¬†¬† ¬†Like words such as care, compassion, mercy, intimacy, harmony, devotion
–¬†¬† ¬†Respond most easily to people‚Äôs values
–¬†¬† ¬†Want to apply values and ethics from multiple perspectives
–¬†¬† ¬†Value sentiment above objectivity
–¬†¬† ¬†Good at assessing the human impact
–¬†¬† ¬†Believe it is more important to be caring/merciful
–¬†¬† ¬†Assess reality with a good/bad lens
–¬†¬† ¬†Think that those preferring objectivity are insensitive
–¬†¬† ¬†Prefer a to agree with those around them

–¬†¬† ¬†Plan ahead
–¬†¬† ¬†Self disciplined and purposeful
–¬†¬† ¬†Thrive on order
–¬†¬† ¬†Get things done early. Plan ahead & work steadily.
–¬†¬† ¬†Define and work within limits
–¬†¬† ¬†Maybe hasty in making decisions
–¬†¬† ¬†Time and deadline oriented
–¬†¬† ¬†Thinks those preferring spontaneity are too unpredictable
–¬†¬† ¬†Excellent planners. May not appreciate or make use of things which are not planned or expected
–¬†¬† ¬†Adapt as they go
–¬†¬† ¬†Flexible and tolerant
–¬†¬† ¬†Thrive on spontaneity
–¬†¬† ¬†Get things done at the last minute depending on spurt of energy
–¬†¬† ¬†Want more information
–¬†¬† ¬†May fail to make decisions
–¬†¬† ¬†Always think there‚Äôs plenty of time
–¬†¬† ¬†Think that those who are not spontaneous are too rigid
–¬†¬† ¬†Good at handling unplanned events, but may not make affective choices among the possibilities.

Apply It
Client with depression and a history of addiction wants to ‚Äústay in recovery‚ÄĚ
–¬†¬† ¬†What do you need to know about his:
–¬†¬† ¬†Strengths?
–¬†¬† ¬†Needs
–¬†¬† ¬†Attitudes
–¬†¬† ¬†Preferences
–¬†¬† ¬†Treatment involves helping people learn¬† what is causing their distress and tools to manage it.
–¬†¬† ¬†Effective change involves helping people
–¬†¬† ¬†Maximize their strengths
–¬†¬† ¬†Consider their needs and motivations
–¬†¬† ¬†Address their attitudes
–¬†¬† ¬†Work in harmony with their own preferences
–¬†¬† ¬†As a coach or clinician, it is important to pay attention to the potential pitfalls of your treatment or discharge plan based on the person‚Äôs SNAP-T