– Normal aging is a gradual process that ushers in some physical decline, such as decreased sensory abilities (e.g., vision and hearing) and decreased pulmonary and immune function
– Decline in cognitive capacity with aging is partly preventable
– Older persons display flexibility in behavior and attitudes and the ability to grow intellectually and emotionally
– Losses with aging include Social status, self-esteem, physical capacities, death of friends and loved ones
– Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent mental health disorders in older adults
– There are many causes of cognitive impairment besides Alzheimers.
– Mild cognitive impairment is not unusual and generally does not meet accepted criteria for Alzheimers Schizophrenia in Late Life
– Focus on the person's strengths and how they can remain as independent as possible
– Encourage quality sleep, daily routines and proper nutrition
– Cognitive behavioral and problem solving therapies have both been found to be effective.
– Older persons clear medication from their system more slowly and are more susceptible to side effects of many medications.
– Day treatment/drop in centers are available throughout the country for respite care as well as to facilitate interaction and allow caregivers to work
– Caregivers often have their own emotional, financial and social needs that need to be addressed when caring for a parent or spouse.